Most Popular Fitness Terms Explained

Different subcultures have different terminologies and fitness is no exception. No matter if you’re new to the fitness world or you have been part of it for many years, you must have heard these terms. This blog gives a brief explanation about the most common fitness terms.

1. Burning

In the world of exercise, burning is often used to describe a feeling muscle feels when metabolic waste is accumulated in them.  This creates fatigue. Moderate-to high-intensity exercise often results in acidosis. Acidosis refers to change in blood acidity, especially higher levels of hydrogen ions and lactic acid. Burning sensations in muscles indicates acidosis. It is also a sign your body needs to remove metabolic waste from muscles that are working and restore the muscles needed to continue performing muscle contraction.

2. Cardio

Cardio refers to cardiovascular or cardiorespiratory exercise. These exercises increase the heart rate to pump nutrient-carrying blood and oxygen to working muscles. Stationary bikes, elliptical trainers or treadmills are used for such exercises. You should know ANY exercise that increases your heart rate gives you cardiorespiratory benefits. 

 3. Core Training

This is the most common, popular and overused fitness word within a few years. Almost every equipment, workout program or fitness class provides core training. Most commonly “core” is your mid-section body muscles, including the forever attractive six packs. However, take core as the centre of the body rather than an actual group of muscles. Any muscle attached to the pelvis, rib cage or the spine influences our body’s movement around the centre of gravity.

4. High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT)     

It usually refers to exercises performed with maximum intensity. However, intensity is a subjective term, what may be low for someone, that same can be high for someone else. If you have a history of being sedentary or suffering from some chronic medical conditions, simple walking may be considered “high intensity” for you. 

5. Metabolic Conditioning

It refers to high-intensity exercises you perform till your muscles experience soreness or you are short of breath. Yet, it is not literal. Metabolism is a chemical process through which an organism produces energy for muscular contraction. Therefore, any exercise that needs muscle contraction (which requires energy) is a type of metabolic conditioning. So, all your physical activities need your metabolism to fuel your muscles. That is why it is better to describe the amount of effort needed to perform an activity- maximal-intensity, high-intensity, moderate-intensity or low-intensity.

6. Mind-body

It describes exercises like pilates or yoga. These are mostly performed with body weight. You need concentration to perform challenging movements. However, any purposeful movement needs conscious efforts. Thus, almost every physical activity where you have to lean and execute a movement pattern should be technically classified as mind-body because you need cognitive focus for these.

7. Plyometrics

Plyometrics is a combination of two words. Piyo, a prefix for ‘more’ and metric is ‘length’. So, plyometrics simply mean more length. Initially, it was called shock training because the tissues involved experience high force. Thus, you should only perform a few repetitions at a time. More repetitions increases risk of injury by placing high force on the tissue involved.

8. Toning

The most common fitness goal is ‘tone up and get in shape.’ The general notion of toning is the appearance of a well-defined muscle. The term is short for tonus. Tonus means a state of contraction in a muscle that normally functions. While exercising, the used muscle will be in a state of contraction. This will create the defined appearance we expect after regular exercise.   

Related Posts

Leave a Reply